Sunday, January 6, 2013



Searched a written by 

 Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi Birotvi   
(Journalist, Historian, Blogger and Anthropologist)
(Lease read this before studying this blog)
Ph: +92 331 5446020
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 ایک پہلو یہ بھی ہے سرکل بکوٹ کی تصویر کا

 Two buses were crossing in Birote before 2003 
It is a transporter's honeymoon period during 1980 to 2005
Human being never accepted status co in his life from his start. He moved here to there, transported his goods for others in all times in history. There were some layers of tribes aggressively traveled and migrated from one to other place as Aryans of Central Asia, Huns from  Scythian, Arabs and other European nations in all over the World. Kohsar of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills is a valley and this land was always a secret and secure place for peace loving people. It was a part of Gandhara Kingdom before Kashmir dynasties since earlier Asoka era. It become a part of civilization in prehistory period when this lake dried by drained water as Kishan Ganga River cut it's way to Punjab. 

 First Tanga suspension bridge at Kohala, built in 1871 and washed in flood of 1898.
The road link between Punjab and Kashmir is not a new but as old as the history of both rigions are old. 1.5 thousands year before these road links established via Kohala, Lora, Musearhi (Murree old name) and Khwadder. Kashmiri ruler Kot Bensi Family to Ohadeo Royal Family last king Raja Sahdave, all depeded on this links to Punjab to Srinagar, Kashmir. Turks vanished Hundu Raj from Kashmir via this route in 1350 and when Mughels appointed their governor Yousaf Ridhvi in 1587, they made contacts through Kashmir Highway via Kohala. another route between Kabul and Srinager established whenAbdullah Khan Kabuli take over the highest ruling post in Kashmir and the consised route was Kabul, Mansehra to Srinager via Hasan Abdal, but in second decade of 1800, Hazarawals suspended supply lines of Sikhs as result of their atrosities and barberism. Hari Sing Nalva, a Sikh General tried to opene this route by bloodshed and war of Balakot but not succeeded. The only way for contact between Kashmir and Punjab remained Upper Dewal Kohala, which they devolped. A route between Kashmir and Potohar (Land of Gakherhs) was also there along with right bank of River Jhelum from Srinager to Mirpur, AJK.Old Gajnipura that with new name of Rawalpindi emerged as a socio-political as well as commerce center of North Punjab in 1802 after defeat of Gakherhs and in New government of Sikh Lahore Derbar. Malka Sing as a new ruler setup Raja Bazar as a mega trade center between Punjab and Kashmir and Kohala as a sub-center of Raja Bazar. His successor Sardar Jewan Sing occupied all Murree Hills and Circle Bakote controle and properties of local Dhond Abbasi, Karhral, Gakherhs and other tribes trnsfered to Hindu merchants by force. At that time no bridge was in Kohala and travelers crossed River Jhelum at Knair Pull or Pattan in those days. This crossing point is also oldest place in region through centuries. The remains of this points are also can be seen at Domail, 200 feet above New Kohala Brige, 100 feet above of Kanair Pull Dak Bangalow and new build road from eastern part of New Kohala Brige to Bashir Petrolepump. There were three routs in second decade of 1800 from Kabul, Raealpindi to Kashmir. FIRST ROUT was Hawailian, Khaira Gali, Malkot . Dewal to Khawadder crosing, second was Haripur, Lora, Danna, Gorha Gali, Kotli Sattean to Patan Dhalkot and third was Rawalpindi, Musearhi, Upper Dewal to Kohala. Resistance movement against brutal Sikh Authorities, they built forts (Kote in local language) and checkposts (Kotlies) in Dannah, Dewal, Bakote and Sahlian to maintain law and order setuation.

Rawalpindi Murree Road

In 1857 local tribe's war of independent failed and British Government started development of Murree City and built Rawalpindi Murree Road. All bridges including Salgran is a masterpice of Mistri Noor Alahi of Birote. A new friendship pact was also signed in Dogra Raj of Kashmir and Government of Punjab in 1870.

Kashmir Highway

In 1873 the constraction of Kashmir Highway (Murree Srinagar Road) via Kohala started. Contractor was Sardar Hoshnak Sing and bridge builder was Mistri Noor Alahi of Birote. It completed via Aliyot, Phagwarhi, Lower Dewal and Lower Birote in 1885 and cheriote movement started. In 1871 first Kohala suspensin bridge built which was washed in 1991 flood. Other details are as under:-
  • First highway link established between Rawalpindi and Kashmir and transport strted.
  • Trate, Company Bagh, Gorha Gali, Sunny Bank, Kuldanna, Ghikagali, Lower Topa, Aliyote, Phagwarhi and Garheal Camp emerged as populated towns along Kashmir Highway.
  • Kashmir Highway carpited in 1901.
  • Kohal Bridge washed away three times, 1890, 1902 and 1991, than bridge shifted to Domail in Union Council Birote.
  • Parsi invester Dhanji Boy four wheel cheriot sevise first for Murree in 1904 and than for Srinager next year.
  • Punjab Motor Transport Company established in 1907 and started service with foure buses.
  • First nonmuslim trnsporter of Circle Bakote was Dewan Sing of Termuthean.
  • The first Muslim transport company had established in 1920 with equal shares of contractor Amin Khan, Mehmood Shah, Ghulam Nabi Shah of Birote and many other shareholders from Rawalpindi under the banner of Allied Ghiraghdin Transport Company with two buses enroute to Rawalpindi to Srinager.
  • Poet of the East Allama Iqbal first travelage to Kashmir by Kashmir Highway was in 1921. He was passenger of Allied Chiragh Din drove by Molvi Ghazo. According to Sabir Afaqi, Iqbql wrote 17 poem of his book ARMEGHN-E-HIJAZ and on poem of Jawaid Nama AANSOO-E-AFLAK In this voyage.
  • Rawalpindi Murree transport Company started her bus service in 1923 between Rawalpindi and Murree.
  • In 1930 Contractor Amin Khan and Raja Nazer Khan founded a new Rawalpindi Srinager Transport ( SRT ) Company and got a very handsome response by passengers as second company of Allied Chiragh Din. First SRT bus was Chewerlet no IR 4618 started her first travalage on 23 July 1930.
  • In 1935 reksha was started their services on this road.
  • Raja Serwer Khan of Gorha Gali established third transport Company named Murree Hills Transport Company in 1943 with eight buses enroute to Kohala Rawalpindi.
  • Between years of 1946-7 Rawalpindi Srinagar transport bus service suspended and eight buses of Allied Chiragh Din were seized by Dogras. New transport system first introduced when British Government built Rawalpindi Murree Road in mid of 19th century.
  • Roshan Khan of Birote was a classics driver and also a transporter of Rawalpindi Sri Nager Road in 1930-45. His license no was 007.
 It was a TANGA SERVICE from R Pindi to Srinagar before building of Kashmir Highway.
Transportation in ancient time 

Transport running via Birote from Kashmir to TaxilaGandhara and Central Punjab since per-history era. The northern end of Birote, Domale is a cross road of River Jhelum through centuries. It was a staying point in Asoka period to last decade of sixth century when Huns destroyed the beauty of Taxila and this city changed in to archeological site for future time.

Karaichees were moving on Rawalpindi Srinagar ruit before Tangas in middle of 18th century
 Tanga Service at the second Kohala Bridge in 1901
Punjab Kashmir New Traveling Rute
Punjab to Kashmir popular rout for traveler came in to being in start of eighteenth century. Rawalpindi Srinager Road constructed in 1870 and first Kohala Bridge and Kanair Pull in 1871. Bull and horse curt were running at that time. Transport between present day Pakistan and Kashmir become easier when a suspension bridge constructed by Maharaja Gulab Sing Dogra funded project.

First Bus Service
 Allied Chiragh Din Bus at Domal (Now New Kohala Bridge) in 1912
First bus of Allied Chiragh Din Transport was introduced after First World War. Raja Mohammad Amin Khan, Molvi Abdur Raoof Alvi, Molvi Ghazi Awan, Molvi Ghulam Nabi Awan, Mehmood Shah, Ghulam Nabi Shah (father of Dr. Ilyas Shah) and Raja Nazar were first drivers and transporters of Birote. 

A buss of 1930, running Rawalpindi Srinagar Kashmir Highway via Kohala
Transport of 1947
Transport After Independence
 Pindi Murree Transport Bus Service in between Kohala and Rawalpindi
 Bus is running at Company Bagh Morh in 1966.
Pindi Murree Transport buses in Company Bagh Murree in 1973
Upper Dewal Kohala Road
The new construction of Upper Dewal Kohala Road started in 1836 by the order of Gulab Sing, the Maharaja of Kashmir, where Shiks armed troops petroling 24 hours and engaged local people in futigues ruthlesly. After the government of Ranjit Sing family sunset in 1845, a notorious Amretser pect signed among British rulers and Maharaja Gulab Sing as a result all areas of Circle Bakote aligned to Kashmir. This event compeled local tribes to civel war, they destroyed Upper Dewal Kohala Road, delinked all bridges and had taken positions against Sikh troops. They killed more than 100 troops in Kohala and hanged their deadbodies across right and left banks of Rivber Jhelum. The agitation produced fruitfill results and all regions of Circle Bakote reunited with Punjab in same year after a few months. Pindi Murree Transport Company and Murree Hills Transport Company had monopoly in that area from 1948 to 1985. Many others transporters entered in this business and last bus of Birote is Murree Hills Bus parked at Maira, Kahoo East as a scrape or a symbol of old transport in Birote. 
The last bus that was operational on Uper Dewal Kohala Road since 1985 to 2005.
Late Nisar Abbasi bus today

Late Nisar Abbasi bus yesterday, with 6lac tex that never paid. It 

 New schedule of new transport, 
UC Birote rejected old vagons

Loaded bus on Upper Dewal Kohala Road. 
It is a dream of our past

Transport History in New age
After Pakistan came in to being, many transporters came forward and invest million of rupees in this sector both in Northren Punjab and Azad Kashmir. A half dozzens transporters of Azad Kashmir run their services on Kashmir Highway but rout was on Rawalpindi to Muzaferabad, Rawlakot, Bagh, Dhirkot, Chinari and Athmuqam. Allied Chiragh Din and Srinagar Road Transport (SRT) Company purchased more used buses and restarted their operation. Murree Hills Transport Company monopoly was on Rawalpindi Kohala rout which was broke by Pindi Murree Transport Company in 1951 and started operation with 32 seater six buses. Mentioned company got rout permit of Rawalpindi Lora, Rawalpindi Ayubia and Rawalpindi Rewat on Kohala Bridal (Now Upper Dewal Kohala) Road. Demand of Upper Dewal Kohala Road constraction was echoed in President House in ex-capital Karachi and in 1958 when federal Capital shifted in Islamabad, the importance of Upper Dewal Kohala Road emerged higher and higher as a permanent supply line of Pakistani armed forces in Azad Kashmir. A large land slide damaged Kashmir Highway near Aliyote in 1960 and road was closed for six months, it was a great concern for GHQ, therefore federal government called emergency meeting of Corp Commanders in Rawalpindi in last December and recommended constraction work of Upper Dewal Kohala Road under supervision of Pak Army. In first phase constraction work started on this road in mid of 1961 from Garheal to Rewat. The second phase completed in 1964 from Rewat to Dewal and then suspended. Pakistan Army faced many hurdels in lagestic movement during 1965 war as a single road connection with AJK and the importance of Upper Dewal Kohala Road came more aggressive again as a defence linkage way for Armed Forces. Pak Army restarted road constraction in 1966 on Sikh made old rout and it was copleted and carpeted in 1969. The first bus service started on this rout was Murree Hills Transport Company drove by Mohammed Rezaq Khan of Birote. The second Pakwatan Bus service started in 1972 and ended in 1975. The third bus service was started by Mohammed Azad Khan in 1978 named Pir Bakoti Bus Service. The year 1984 a flod of bus services came and in 2004, there were 10 devices have been operating in morning from Moolia, Kohala, Basian and Birote to Rawalpindi and four were from Rawalpindi to Kohala and Molia. These bus orators are:-
  • ٖFirst accident of 2015
     19th Jan, 2015
    • Razaq Khan than Nizakat Abbasi oprated Murree Hills Bus Service from 1963 to 2004.
    • Azad Khan of Basian operated Pir Bakoti Express from 1980 to 2003 and than sold to Hussain Abbasi of Basian and he oprated it till 2006.
    • Nisar Abbasi of Birote started Abbasi Coach (No RID 8699) in 1987 and ended in 2006 by his son Anwar Abbasi.
    • Imteaz Abbasi started Abbasi Coach (No Rid 1230) in 1990. This was first bus that first time oprated from Rawalpindi to Molia.( To be continued)

New transport of wagon service
All routes from Rawalpindi, Azad Kashmir, Circle Bakote, Murree and Galyat since 2001, 
this picture shows wagon stand at Hotrerhi Chok, Birote.
Traveling fare (new) of  public transport 
Rawalpindi to Kohala (Dewal Kohala Road & Kasmir Highway suites) today
The reality is totally reversed to this. Who is responsible?

Jeep with passengers and heavy luggage........It may caused a human tragedy In Circle Bakote
Birote Khurd......... These occurrences are part of daily life
A jeep with overloaded passengers in Birote Khurd

A Jeep is running on a narrow way in Birote khurd

 1946 model jeep is still workign in Birote today

Transport Accidents

This kind of accidents are common in Kohsar 
because of untrained drivers and vehicles without fitness.

Land Slide and water fall on Roads

A van is crossing mud and water fall in Molia Kas, UC Bakote
 A wagon is in land slide not able to move.

 It is a common problem during rainy season in Circle Bakote

  1. Charles Allen Soldier Sahibs: The Men who made the North West Frontier London: Abacus Books, 2001 p. 141, ISBN 0-349-11456-0
  2. Journals of Honoria Lawrence eds. J.Lawrence and A. Widdiwis, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1980 edition.
  3. Omer Tarin and SD Najumddin, "Five Early Military Graves in the Old Christian Cemetery, Abbottabad, Pakistan, 1853-1888", in The Kipling Journal (ISSN 0023-1738) Vol 84, No 339,p.35-52
  4. Everett-Heath, John (2012). "Murree". Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.
  5. Lee, Harold (2001). Brothers in the Raj: The Lives of John and Henry Lawrence. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-579415-X. 
  6. The Strides of Vishnu : Hindu Culture in Historical Perspective: Hindu .........By Ariel Glucklich Professor of Theology Georgetown University, Oxford University Pres New Yark, 2008.

  7. History of Circle Bakote by Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi